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Chess Pieces are craftable objects exclusive to Don't Starve Together, introduced in A New Reign. There are eight different variants, that can be crafted at a Potter's Wheel and are mostly meant for decoration. Nearly all of them are unlocked by giving their respective Sketch to the Potter's Wheel, except for the Bubble Pipe Carving and the Carved Hornucopia, which are always available. Players are able to sculpt Chess Pieces out two Rocks and one Marble or Cut Stone, the chosen material determining the color of the crafted Chess Piece.
Chess Pieces can be carried by players in the chest slot, similar to Suspicious Marble, slowing down their movement speed and preventing them from several inventory actions, such as equipping a hand held item.
The Rook, Knight and Bishop Figures will spawn a corresponding Shadow Piece when hammered down during a New Moon.
The sculpture depicts a Bubble Pipe which is a toy that acts similarly to a bubble-blowing stick, except it is shaped like a tobacco pipe. The sculpture is possibly a reference to Markus Raetz's pipe sculpture which can be interpreted as either a tobacco pipe or a shapeless metal blob.
The sculpture depicts a Cornucopia, a horn of plenty which can be depicted as a horn-shaped, hollow bread filled with food. The shape of the horn resembles a Beefalo Horn. The sculpture may be a reference to the fact that a Cornucopia is an over-used example of pottery.
The sculpture depicts a rook (or castle) from the board game Chess. It also bares resemblance to the nose of a Clockwork Rook, which when hammered during a New Moon can spawn a Shadow Version of itself. It may be a reference to giant chess pieces.
The sculpture depicts a Knight (or horse) from the board game Chess. It also bares resemblance to the head of a Clockwork Knight, which when hammered during a New Moon can spawn a Shadow Version of itself. It may be a reference to giant chess pieces.
The sculpture depicts a bishop (or priest) from the board game Chess. It also bares resemblance to a head of a Clockwork Bishop, which when hammered during a New Moon can spawn a Shadow Version of itself. It may be a reference to giant chess pieces.
The sculpture depicts a queen from the board game Chess, though it appears more like a Greek tragedy actor. Its overall style and the fact that it is carrying a mask may be a reference to the Greek Muse of Tragedy, Melpomene.
Most Chess Pieces were added in the A Little Fixer Upper update, while the Giant Figures were introduced in an unnamed Bonus Update after the completion of A New Reign
The Bubble Pipe Carving, Carved Hornucopia and the Giant Figures are the only Chess Pieces not to be based from the real-life chess game.
Based off of character quotes, mostly Maxwell's, one can infer that the Kingly Figure refers to Maxwell, the Queenly figure to Charlie, and the Pawn to all the other playable characters. The other Chess Pieces refer to their respective Clockwork Monsters.